Who We Are

The main responsibilities of the NEB are established in the National Energy Board Act (NEB Act) and include regulating:

  • The construction, operation, and abandonment of pipelines that cross international borders or provincial boundaries, as well as the associated pipeline tolls and tariffs;
  • The construction and operation of international power lines and designated inter-provincial power lines; and
  • Imports of natural gas and exports of crude oil, natural gas liquids, natural gas, refined petroleum products and electricity.

Additionally, the Board has regulatory responsibilities for oil and gas exploration and production activities in Canada Lands not otherwise regulated under joint federal/provincial accords. These regulatory responsibilities are set out in the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act and the Canada Petroleum Resources Act.

The NEB conducts an environmental assessment (EA) during its review of applications for facilities and activities under its jurisdiction. For certain projects, an EA is also required by federal legislation such as the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, 2012 the Mackenzie Valley Resource Management Act, the Inuvialuit Final Agreement or the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement. Certain Board inspectors are appointed Health and Safety Officers by the Minister of Labour to administer Part II of the Canada Labour Code as it applies to NEB-regulated facilities and activities.

The Board also monitors aspects of energy supply, demand, production, development and trade that fall within the jurisdiction of the federal government. The Board reports to Parliament through the Minister of Natural Resources.